List of neighboring countries of India

India shares a border with 9 countries and is located at latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere and vertically in the Eastern Hemisphere. In this article, we have prepared a list of neighboring countries of India and states of India that share a border with them. This list will improve the general knowledge of the students and will help them to solve the questions related to the geography of India in various academic and competitive exams.

Basic terms in geography

Physics of India

India has a land border of 15,200 km. The total coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 7516.6 km. India shares borders with seven countries – Afghanistan and Pakistan to the northwest, China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north, Myanmar to the far east and Bangladesh to the east. Sri Lanka (from the southeast) and the Maldives (from the southwest) are two countries with a water border.

The list of neighboring countries of India is:

A total of 9 countries have borders with India. Out of these, 7 countries share a land border while 2 countries share a maritime border with India. Bhutan is India’s smallest neighbor by land border.

Neighbor country

border country


Jammu and Kashmir (part of POK)


West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Assam


Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim and West Bengal


Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh


Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland


Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttrakhand


Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat and Rajasthan

Sri Lanka

Separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar


The southwestern part of the Indian Ocean below the island of Lakshadweep

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India’s neighbors at a glance

1- Afghanistan

The length of the border – 106 km

Official languages ​​– Dari, Pashto

Currency – Afghanistan Afghanistan

2- Bangladesh

Boundary line – 4096.7 km

Official language – Bengali

Currency – Bangladeshi Taka

3- Bhutan

Border line – 699 km

Official language – Dzongkha

Currency – Ngultrum

4- China

Border line – 3488 km

Official language – Mandarin

Currency – Chinese Yuan

5- Myanmar

Border line – 1643 km

Official language – Burmese

Currency – Myanmar Kyat

6- Nepal

Border line – 1751 km

Official language – Nepali

Currency – Nepalese Rupee


Border line – 3323 km

Official language – Urdu

Currency – Pakistani Rupee

8- Ceylon

Border line – sea border

Official language – Sinhala, Tamil

Currency – Sri Lankan Rupee


Border line – sea border

Official language – Dhivehi

Currency – Maldivian Rufiyaa

India has the third largest international border in the world after China and Russia and is also the most sensitive in the world, varying from extreme climatic conditions to intrusion.

So here is the list of India’s neighbors mentioned above that can be asked in many academic as well as competitive exams.

List of Neighbors of India – Important Information

  • India and China have a historical relationship since ancient times. The signing of the Panchsheel Treaty marked an important milestone in our bilateral relationship. However, a border dispute in 1962 led to war between the two nations. Over time, efforts have been made to improve relations between India and China.
  • India and Pakistan were once part of a single country, sharing a common heritage and culture. However, major conflicts and more recently the Kargil conflict have strained relations between the two countries. However, unremitting efforts are being made to promote friendly relations with Pakistan.
  • The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established with the aim of promoting peace, stability and economic progress in the region through joint cooperation.
  • India has played an important role in supporting the people of Bangladesh in their struggle for independence from Pakistani rule. This leads to the development and maintenance of strong political, economic and cultural ties between the two countries.
  • India and Sri Lanka share a deep relationship rooted in ancient history, mythology and culture. Although there have been some challenges related to the Indian population in Sri Lanka, our political and commercial relations are generally positive.
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Complete study material on Indian Geography

Which Indian states share a border with China?

Categories: Trends
Source: HIS Education

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