Chandrayaan 3: Release date, payload and other specifications

Chandrayaan 3 is India’s third lunar mission and is being carried out by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization).

The goal of this mission is to successfully deploy the lander and rover on the Moon’s surface in the Lunar Plateau near the Moon’s South Pole by August 2023. The mission’s primary goal is to display the full moon. set of procedures for landing and maneuvering on the Moon. Moon surface.

According to NASA archives, “Chandrayaan 3 is an ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) mission with the primary objective of placing a lander and rover in the mountains near the Moon’s south pole in the August 2023 timeframe. and demonstrate the ability to land and explore ships from start to finish. It will also make a series of scientific measurements on the surface and from orbit.”

🚀LVM3-M4/Chandrayaan-3🛰️ Mission: Early this morning, at SDSC-SHAR, the LVM3 M4 vehicle moved from Chandrayaan-3 to the launch pad

– ISRO (@isro)
July 6, 2023

What is the launch date of Chandrayaan 3?

ISRO has scheduled launch for July 13, 2023. This mission will be India’s first attempt to soft land a spacecraft on the lunar surface since Chandrayaan 2 in 2019.

The mission will launch from Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota. ISRO President S. Somanath mentioned to ANI that the launch date has been set for July 13 and could be extended to July 19. Chandrayaan-3 has been brought to Satish Dhawan Space Center for assembly Last.

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Delhi | At the launch of Chandrayaan 3, ISRO President, S Somanath said, “We will be able to make a soft landing on the moon. The launch date is July 13, possibly extending to July 19.”

– ANI (@ANI)
July 3, 2023

What are the ingredients of Chandrayaan?

Chandrayaan 3 will include the Landing Module (LM), Propulsion Module (PM) and Rover. The LM will be responsible for the soft landing on the lunar surface, while the PM will provide thrust and attitude control for the entire mission. The rover will be used to explore the lunar surface and collect scientific data.

ISRO states that “Chandrayaan-3 consists of a Native Lander Module (LM), a Propulsion Module (PM) and a Rover that aims to develop and demonstrate new technologies needed for interplanetary missions. ”

“The lander will be capable of soft landing at a designated location on the moon and deploying a rover that will conduct in situ chemical analysis on the lunar surface during its passage. Lander and Rover have scientific payloads to perform experiments on the surface of the Moon. The main function of the PM is to carry the LM from the launch vehicle to the last 100 km lunar polar orbit and to separate the LM from the PM,“, it is added.

🚀LVM3-M4/Chandrayaan-3🛰️ Mission:

Today, at Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, the packaging complex containing Chandrayaan-3 is paired with LVM3.

– ISRO (@isro)
July 5, 2023

What is the payload of Chandrayaan 3?

ISRO refers to the following payloads: “Lander payload: Chandra’s Surface Thermal Physics Experiment (ChaSTE) to measure thermal conductivity and temperature; Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) for seismic measurements around the landing site; Langmuir (LP) probe for plasma density estimation and its variants. A NASA passive laser retroreflector array adapted for lunar laser range studies.”

“Load Rover: Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Laser Induced Breakthrough Spectrometer (LIBS) to perform elemental composition near the landing site.”

Here are the terms briefly described:

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Loading capacity of lander:

  • ChaSTE: Chandra’s Surface Thermal Physics Experiment. This instrument will measure the thermal conductivity and temperature of the lunar surface.
  • ILSA: Instrument for lunar seismic activity. This instrument will measure the seismicity of the lunar surface. In essence, it will measure how the surface of the Moon is shaking.
  • Langmuir Probe: This instrument will estimate plasma density and its variations in the moon’s ionosphere.
  • Passive Laser Reflector Array: This array will be used for lunar laser range studies. It will be used to measure the distance between the Earth and the Moon.

The carrying capacity of the rover:

  • Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer: This instrument will determine the elemental composition of the Moon’s surface.
  • Laser Induced Penetration Spectroscopy: This instrument will determine the chemical composition of the lunar surface.

The main objective of the mission is to study the lunar surface and collect data on the geology and composition of the moon. These instruments will help scientists learn more about the composition, seismic, and environment of the Moon.

This information will help better understand the history and evolution of the Moon, and will also help identify potential resources that could be used in future human missions to the Moon. .

All in all, the launch of Chandrayaan 3 is an important milestone for India’s space program. It is a testament to the hard work and dedication of the ISRO team and will help to better understand the Moon.

Categories: Trends
Source: HIS Education

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